Articles © by Ricardo da Costa © 1995-2020
All rights reserved.



O universo da Alegoria

Virtudes e Vícios na pintura barroca
(séc. XVII)

Concerned with balance and totality, Baroque artists developed a serial of emotional stimuli in their viewers. In the metaphor of The World as a Theatre Play, in its intense game of light and shadow, the traditional (and medieval) theme of Virtues against Vices has been reformulated. Concern for the salvation of the souls of Catholics was at the heart of this artistic resurrection. The aim of this work is to analyse some aesthetic expressions from the 17th century that recorded the struggle between Christian Virtues and the Vices of sin.

Artigo em construção


O Triunfo da Morte (c.1562)

Analysis of the macabre themes exposed in the famous painting The Triumph of Death (c. 1562), by Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525-1569).

Artigo em construção


José Enrique Ruiz-Domènec (1948- )

Artesão do verbo

The historiographical production of José Enrique Ruiz-Domènec (1948-) and his influence on my totalizing vision of History: his multidisciplinarity, method and dialogue with other areas of knowledge from Human Sciences.

Artigo em construção


Ética e Estética da Música

Na filosofia de Ramon Llull (1232-1316)

Brief exposition of the importance of Music in Western aesthetic thought. Since Plato, and later, in the Middle Ages, San Isidore of Seville, Guido of Arezzo and Ramon Llull, all had thinkers who did meditations on the importance of the aesthetics of harmonic sounds for human existence. In relation to Llull, we deal with the subject from the works Doctrina pueril (c. 1274-1276), Fèlix o el Libre de meravelles (c. 1289), Arbre de Ciència (c. 1295-1296), Ars generalis ultima (c. 1305), Ars brevis (1308) and especially, the Libre de contemplació en Déu (c. 1273-1274).