Páginas

155

A Roda da Fortuna nos Dictats de Ausiàs March (c. 1397-1439)

The allegory of the Wheel of Fortune is a recurring theme in medieval thought, particularly in Philosophy and Literature. This topic, Roman, but inherited above all from Consolation of Philosophy, by Boethius (c.477-524), influenced the Poetry of Ausiàs March (c.1397-1459), a poet who lived in the period of expansion of the Crown of Aragon during the reign of Alfonso the Magnanimous (1396-1458). Our aim is to analyze this image in his Dictats and how the poet dealt in his work with the topic of the instability of the Wheel of Fortune.

146

O Triunfo da Morte (c.1562) de Bruegel, o Velho (c.1525-1569)

Uma leitura sonora do macabro espetáculo artístico

Analysis of the macabre themes exposed in the famous painting The Triumph of Death (c.1562), by Bruegel the Elder (c.1525-1569). My interpretive proposal is to appreciate the images from the musical suggestions that the artist represents, and that the density of the drama of existence in the face of death can be understood more profoundly with the confrontation of the painting’s images with the musicality of the instruments and the sound of scenes.

138

Ética e Estética da Música

Na filosofia de Ramon Llull (1232-1316)

Brief exposition of the importance of Music in Western aesthetic thought. Since Plato, and later, in the Middle Ages, San Isidore of Seville, Guido of Arezzo and Ramon Llull, all had thinkers who did meditations on the importance of the aesthetics of harmonic sounds for human existence. In relation to Llull, we deal with the subject from the works Doctrina pueril (c. 1274-1276), Fèlix o el Libre de meravelles (c. 1289), Arbre de Ciència (c. 1295-1296), Ars generalis ultima (c. 1305), Ars brevis (1308) and especially, the Libre de contemplació en Déu (c. 1273-1274).

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